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Table 1 Summary of presented DoD microbiome-related research

From: Meeting report of the third annual Tri-Service Microbiome Consortium symposium

Organization Thematic area Topic
Army
 CCDC SC/ USARIEM Human microbiomes: Warfighter performance (stress, diet and the gut microbiome) Use of in vitro human gut models to extend insight into clinical study on effects of military food rations on the gut microbiota [4, 5]
 USACEHR/ WRAIR Human microbiomes: Warfighter performance (stress, diet and the gut microbiome) Effects of post-traumatic stress disorder-like stress and microgravity on the microbiome-gut-brain axis in animal models
 USUHS Human microbiomes: Warfighter performance (stress, diet and the gut microbiome) Gut microbiota response to traveler’s diarrhea and antibiotic treatment
 USUHS Human microbiomes: Warfighter protection (respiratory, nasal, oral and otic microbiomes) Relations between the nasal microbiota and skin and soft tissue infections in Army recruits [6, 7]
 ERDC-EL Environmental microbiomes (soil and marine) Effectively using microbes to degrade munitions [8]
 ERDC-CRREL Environmental microbiomes (soil and marine) Understanding microbial communities during extreme weather events [9]
 CCDC-ARL Environmental microbiomes (polymicrobial communities) Designing functional microbial consortia for expedient manufacturing [10]
 CCDC SC Emerging tools Organoid models for studying host-microbe interactions [11]
 CCDC SC Enabling techniques Increasing physiologic relevance of in vitro gut fermentation models
 WRAIR Enabling techniques Applications of single cell RNAseq in cellular immunology
Air Force
 59th Medical AF Human microbiomes: Warfighter protection (respiratory, nasal, oral and otic microbiomes) Temporal shifts in the skin microbiome of Air Force recruits during initial military training [12]
 AFIT Environmental microbiomes (built environment) Methodological considerations for studying the microbiome of the built environment [13]
 AFRL Polymicrobial communities Aircraft microbiomes and relation to biocorrosion and biodeterioration [14]
 AFRL Engineering microbiomes Engineering microbes to sense and respond to physiologic changes in humans
 AFRL Emerging tools Gut-brain on a chip microfluidic models to study host-microbe interactions
Navy
 NAMRU- Dayton Human microbiomes: Warfighter performance (stress, diet and the gut microbiome) Potential applications of probiotics for Warfighter performance
 NRL Environmental microbiomes (soil and marine) Using marine microbes for electricity production [15]
 NRL Environmental microbiomes (polymicrobial communities) Microbiomes in ship hull biofouling
 NRL Engineering microbiomes In situ engineering of autotrophic microbial communities [16]
 NRL Enabling techniques Multi-omics and bioinformatics for microbiome analyses
DARPA Program update Ongoing DARPA programs supporting research into using microbes for environmental sensing and reporting, modulating mosquito attractiveness, and nasal-based delivery of neuromodulatory microbes.
DTRA Program update Ongoing DTRA programs to understand radiation effects on microorganisms
MVM-CoRE (non-DoD) Human microbiomes: Warfighter performance (stress, diet and the human microbiome) US Veteran Microbiome Project status update [17]
  1. AFIT Air Force (AF) Institute of Technology; AFRL AF Research Laboratory; ARL Army Research Laboratory; CCDC SC Combat Capabilities Development Command-Soldier Center; CFD Combat Feeding Directorate; CRREL Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory; DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; DoD US Department of Defense; DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency; EL Environmental Laboratory; ERDC US Army Engineer Research and Development Center; MVM-CoRE Military and Veteran Microbiome Consortium for Research and Education; NAMRU Naval Medical Research Unit; NRL Naval Research Laboratory; USACEHR US Army Center for Environmental Health Research; USAMRIID US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases; USARIEM US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine; USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; WRAIR Walter Reed Army Institute of Research