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Table 1. Cephalopod species proposed for initial sequencing efforts.

From: Cephalopod genomics: A plan of strategies and organization

Species Estimated genome size Current sequencing coverage Geographic distribution Lifestyle juvenile/adult Research importance
O. vulgaris 2.5−5 Gb 46× world-wide planktonic/benthic classic model for brain and behavior, fisheries science
O. bimaculoides 3.2 Gb 50× California, Mexico benthic emerging model for development and behavior, fisheries science
H. maculosa 4.5 Gb 10× Indo-Pacific benthic toxicity
S. officinalis 4.5 Gb - East Atlantic-Mediterranean nectobenthic classic model for behavior and development, fisheries science
L. pealeii 2.7 Gb - Northwest Atlantic nectonic cellular neurobiology, fisheries science
E. scolopes 3.7 Gb - Hawaii nectobenthic animal-bacterial symbiosis, model for development
I. paradoxus 2.1 Gb 80× Japan nectobenthic model for development, small genome size
I. notoides - 50× Australia nectobenthic model for development, small genome size
A. dux 4.5 Gb 60× world-wide nectonic largest body size
N. pompilius 2.8–4.2 Gb 10× Indo-Pacific nectonic “living fossil”, outgroup to coleoid cephalopods