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Table 1 DoD organizations and their general interests related to gut microbiome research

From: The current state and future direction of DoD gut microbiome research: a summary of the first DoD gut microbiome informational meeting

Organization Interests
Army Research Office Funding fundamental research toward understanding inherent interactions and downstream effects of various microbial communities including the gut microbiome
Army Research Laboratory Understanding how gut microbiome influences human behavior, capability enhancement and human-system interaction, waste-to-energy conversion through metabolic pathway engineering of gut-derived microbiota
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine Conducts research providing a biomedical science basis for developing new rations, menus, policies and programs that enable Warfighter health-readiness and optimal performance; microbiome interests include interactions between military-relevant stressors, diet, and the gut microbiome, particularly within austere environments
US Army Center for Environmental Health Research Molecular events associated with disease progression; microbiome as a tool for monitoring Warfighter exposure to environmental toxicants
Naval Medical Research Center Deployment health implications of gastrointestinal infection, the microbiome and both acute and chronic disease
Office of Naval Research Funding programs to understand the effects of certain behavioral and environmental stressors on a host and its gut microbiota, with an emphasis on deducing the role the gut microbiota may play in mediating psychological, cognitive and physiological effects of such exposures
US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center In vitro studies to determine military-relevant stressor effects on the microbiome and host to inform clinical trial design; elucidation of mechanistic knowledge of dietary input biotransformation by gut bacteria; optimizing combat feeding rations; performance nutrition
US Air Force Research Laboratory Influence human performance in a non-invasive manner (cognition, anxiety, stress)
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Biomedical research that delivers lifesaving products including knowledge, technology and medical material that sustain the combat effectiveness of the Warfighter
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Nutrition, gastroenterology; Consortium for Health and Military Performance: research to improve service member performance in the field and returning to duty; animal studies
Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division Understanding influence of native and engineered biological threats on human health